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People with Pre-Diabetes Can Improve Their Long-Term Health

discussing-test-resultsDiabetes is a serious disease that is becoming more common in the United States. You probably know that diabetes can lead to a lot of other health problems, including kidney problems, loss of vision, heart attack, and stroke. Did you know that the risk of dying from heart disease is two times greater in people with diabetes compared to people without diabetes?

In addition to the 26 million adults who have diabetes, there are another 70 million people with pre-diabetes. Health experts are learning that even having pre-diabetes can increase your risk for getting many serious illnesses.

One of the most important ways to take care of yourself and control blood sugar is by improving your diet and getting more exercise. The results of a new study suggest that if you have pre-diabetes, making these changes could help you lead a longer, healthier life!

What is pre-diabetes and how does it affect your health?

Pre-diabetes is a condition where your blood sugar is above normal, but it’s not high enough for doctors to say you have diabetes. Even though it’s not full diabetes, pre-diabetes can be very bad for your health. In fact, experts are learning that the risks that go along with it are much higher than was once thought. This includes an increased risk of:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Death

What do you do if you have pre-diabetes? The goal of treatment for pre-diabetes is to stop it from going on to become full diabetes. The way to do this is by improving your diet and getting more exercise. This helps with weight loss and blood glucose control. Making these changes and sticking with them can lead to long-term improvements in your health.

The research

The study, which started in 1986, included 577 adults with pre-diabetes. There were both obese and normal-weight people included. Some people in the study were given a specific diet and exercise plan and others were not. The diet was designed to help overweight or obese people lose weight. For normal weight people, the diet was designed to help them eat less carbs and drink less alcohol.

The first part of the study lasted 6 years. During this time people had regular checkups with the researchers to see if they were following the exercise plan and to see what was happening with their health.

In 2009, after 23 years, the researchers checked-in on all the people in the study. In particular, they looked at:

  • How many people had died from any cause
  • How many people had died from heart disease
  • How many people had gone on to get diabetes

What they wanted to know was if people who had the diet and exercise plan were healthier at the end of 23 years than those who didn’t get the diet and exercise plan.

The results

The results of the study showed that, compared to people who didn’t have the diet and exercise plan, people who did have the plan:

  • Had a risk of dying from any cause that was about one-third lower
  • Had about half the risk of getting diabetes
  • Had a risk of dying from heart disease that was well-over one-third lower

exercise-female-pedal-weighscaleWhat do these results mean for you?

The results of this study show pretty clearly that improving your diet and getting more exercise can have a huge impact on your health if you have pre-diabetes. If you make these lifestyle changes and stick with them, you are likely to live longer, and be healthier during those extra years.

The take home points

  • The rates of diabetes and pre-diabetes are on the rise in the US
  • Both conditions can lead to serious health problems in the long-term, including heart disease, kidney problems, and blindness
  • If you have pre-diabetes, making lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and getting more exercise, can lower your risk for death, heart disease, and getting diabetes
  • These lifestyle changes are the gifts that keep on giving—they’ll make you happy and healthy now, and keep you that way in the future!

 

 

Robert Ehrman, MD (45 Articles)

Dr. Robert Ehrman, MD is a Board Certified Emergency Physician. He completed his training in Emergency Medicine at Yale-New Haven Hospital in New Haven, CT and Cook County Hospital in Chicago, IL. He always reminds his patients that the more they take care for their health each day, the less likely they are to visit him again in the ER!

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